super·charged [ˈsu:pətʃɑ:ʤd, Am -ɚtʃɑ:r-] ADJ. 1. supercharged (more powerful): supercharged car. Supercharged Definition: If a car engine is supercharged, it has more air than normal forced into it so that the | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und. Ein Lader ist ein Luftkompressor, der den Druck oder die Dichte der Luft erhöht, die einem Verbrennungsmotor zugeführt wird. Dies gibt jedem Ansaugzyklus des Motors mehr Sauerstoff, wodurch er mehr Kraftstoff verbrennt und mehr Arbeit leistet.
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Deadlines still need to be met, and things still need to be created. Bringing on team members that you know; for instance, Renato is better at designing certain things than I am.
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Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English. Word Lists. Choose your language. My word lists. Tell us about this example sentence:.
The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. The sentence contains offensive content. For a supercharger to work at peak efficiency, the compressed air exiting the discharge unit must be cooled before it enters the intake manifold.
The intercooler is responsible for this cooling process. Intercoolers come in two basic designs: air-to-air intercoolers and air-to-water intercoolers.
Both work just like a radiator , with cooler air or water sent through a system of pipes or tubes. As the hot air exiting the supercharger encounters the cooler pipes, it also cools down.
The reduction in air temperature increases the density of the air, which makes for a denser charge entering the combustion chamber.
There are three types of superchargers: Roots, twin-screw and centrifugal. The main difference is how they move air to the intake manifold of the engine.
Roots and twin-screw superchargers use different types of meshing lobes, and a centrifugal supercharger uses an impeller, which draws air in.
Although all of these designs provide a boost, they differ considerably in their efficiency. Each type of supercharger is available in different sizes, depending on whether you just want to give your car a boost or compete in a race.
The Roots supercharger is the oldest design. Philander and Francis Roots patented the design in as a machine that would help ventilate mine shafts.
In , Gottleib Daimler included a Roots supercharger in a car engine. Roots supercharger. As the meshing lobes spin, air trapped in the pockets between the lobes is carried between the fill side and the discharge side.
Large quantities of air move into the intake manifold and "stack up" to create positive pressure. For this reason, Roots superchargers are really nothing more than air blowers, and the term "blower" is still often used to describe all superchargers.
Roots superchargers are usually large and sit on top of the engine. They are popular in muscle cars and hot rods because they stick out of the hood of the car.
However, they are the least efficient supercharger for two reasons: They add more weight to the vehicle and they move air in discrete bursts instead of in a smooth and continuous flow.
A twin-screw supercharger operates by pulling air through a pair of meshing lobes that resemble a set of worm gears. Like the Roots supercharger, the air inside a twin-screw supercharger is trapped in pockets created by the rotor lobes.
But a twin-screw supercharger compresses the air inside the rotor housing. That's because the rotors have a conical taper, which means the air pockets decrease in size as air moves from the fill side to the discharge side.
As the air pockets shrink, the air is squeezed into a smaller space. Twin-screw supercharger. This makes twin-screw superchargers more efficient, but they cost more because the screw-type rotors require more precision in the manufacturing process.
Example sentences from the Web for supercharged You could feel the crackle in the supercharged air of a gender whose time had come. The Devil Doctor Sax Rohmer.
In more recent times most aircraft engines for general aviation light airplanes are naturally aspirated , but the smaller number of modern aviation piston engines designed to run at high altitudes use turbocharger or turbo-normalizer systems, instead of a supercharger driven from the crankshafts.
The change in thinking is largely due to economics. Aviation gasoline was once plentiful and cheap, favoring the simple but fuel-hungry supercharger.
As the cost of fuel has increased, the ordinary supercharger has fallen out of favor. Also, depending on what monetary inflation factor one uses, fuel costs have not decreased as fast as production and maintenance costs have.
Until the late s, all automobile and aviation fuel was generally rated at 87 octane or less. This is the rating that was achieved by the simple distillation of "light crude" oil.
Engines from around the world were designed to work with this grade of fuel, which set a limit to the amount of boosting that could be provided by the supercharger while maintaining a reasonable compression ratio.
Octane rating boosting through additives was a line of research being explored at the time. Using these techniques, less valuable crude could still supply large amounts of useful gasoline, which made it a valuable economic process.
However, the additives were not limited to making poor-quality oil into octane gasoline; the same additives could also be used to boost the gasoline to much higher octane ratings.
Higher-octane fuel resists auto ignition and detonation better than low-octane fuel. As a result, the amount of boost supplied by the superchargers could be increased, resulting in an increase in engine output.
The development of octane aviation fuel, pioneered in the USA before the war, enabled the use of higher boost pressures to be used on high-performance aviation engines and was used to develop extremely high-power outputs — for short periods — in several of the pre-war speed record airplanes.
Increasing the knocking limits of existing aviation fuels became a major focus of aero engine development during World War II.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Air compressor for an internal combustion engine. For other uses, see Supercharger disambiguation and Supercharged disambiguation.
Not to be confused with Turbocharger. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
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May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Turbocharger. Main article: Octane rating. Retrieved Great Britain: Institution of Mechanical Engineers.
Encyclopedia of the History of Technology. London: Routledge. David Boothroyd, The VU. Archived from the original on The new encyclopedia of motorcars to the present ed.
New York: Dutton.